How are court cases determined?
Trials in criminal and civil cases are generally conducted the same way. After all the evidence has been presented and the judge has explained the law related to the case to a jury, the jurors decide the facts in the case and render a verdict. If there is no jury, the judge makes a decision on the case.
What are the three levels of Illinois courts?
Article VI, the Judicial Article of the Illinois Constitution of 1970, provides for a unified, three-tiered judiciary — Circuit Court, Appellate Court and Supreme Court.
How are Illinois circuit judges chosen?
Judges are chosen by popular vote in partisan elections and serve 10-year terms, after which they must compete in uncontested, nonpartisan retention elections to remain on the court. Unlike most states, supreme and appellate court justices in Illinois are elected to represent specific districts.
What are the two types of jurisdiction held by Illinois courts?
There are 23 judicial circuits in Illinois. The circuit court, which hears civil and criminal cases, has original jurisdiction in all matters except instances in which the supreme court has original jurisdiction. There are two types of judges in the circuit court, circuit judges and associate judges.
What is the highest court in the state of Illinois?
The Illinois Supreme Court
The Illinois Supreme Court is the highest court in the State. Cases are normally channeled to the Supreme Court from the Appellate Court, but in cases where a Circuit Court has imposed a death sentence the law allows direct appeal to the Supreme Court, bypassing the Appellate Court.
What qualifications does a judge need?
Qualifications to Become a Judge in Supreme Court
- The person should be a citizen of India.
- Must have an LLB/LLM degree.
- He/She should have been a judge of a High Court for at least 5 years or he/she should have been an advocate of a High Court for 10 years.
Who is responsible for appointing judges?
Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution.
Which level are court cases heard at first in Illinois?
Illinois Appellate Court
The Illinois Appellate Court is the court of first appeal for civil and criminal cases rising in the Illinois circuit courts. Three Illinois Appellate Court judges hear each case and the concurrence of two is necessary to render a decision.
What court deals criminal cases?
A Civil Court deals with disputes related to civil law, whereas a Sessions Court usually deals with criminal cases. Can a Sessions Court give a death sentence? As per section 366 (i) CrPC, the Sessions Court judge can do so.
What court are murders heard in?
Nearly all criminal cases start off in the Local Court before a magistrate. Under NSW law, many of the more serious matters have to be transferred (committed) to the District Court and the most severe cases (such as murder) to the Supreme Court.
How many years does the Illinois chief justice serve?
Each justice is elected for a term of ten years and the chief justice is elected by the court from its members for a three-year term.
How can I become a judge directly?
As in order to become a Judicial Magistrate, you have to first get a law degree, after which you are qualified to take the Judicial Service exam in your State. If you are selected through that exam, you stand a chance of becoming a Judicial Magistrate or a Civil Judge.
What is the court of last resort in Illinois?
The Supreme Court
The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in the state of Illinois. There are seven justices serving five districts, elected to 10-year terms. The Supreme Court has general administrative and supervisory authority over all courts in the state.
Why are judges appointed and not elected?
All Justices are nominated by the President, confirmed by the Senate, and hold their offices under life tenure. Since Justices do not have to run or campaign for re-election, they are thought to be insulated from political pressure when deciding cases.