How does Indonesia process coffee?

How does Indonesia process coffee?

The coffee cherries are dried in the sun, and then de-hulled in a dry state. Most farmers on Sulawesi, Sumatra, Flores, and Papua use the “giling basah” (or wet hulling) process. In this technique, farmers remove the outer skin from the cherries mechanically, using rustic pulping machines, called “luwak”.

Is coffee native to Indonesia?

Coffee plants came to Indonesia by way of Dutch traders and colonialists in the late 1600’s, who had secured coffee seeds from Yemen (arguably by smuggling them out) just earlier that century. The first island to grow coffee was Java, home to the city Jakarta (then called Batavia).

What is wet hulled coffee?

Wet hulling, or Giling Basah, is a type of coffee processing that is unique to Indonesia and most often used in Sulawesi and Sumatra. A combination of rain and humidity prevent easy drying, and the farmers had to come up with another way to process their coffee. …

How is kopi luwak coffee made in Indonesia?

Kopi luwak coffee, mainly produced in Indonesia, is made by feeding coffee cherries to a cat-like mammal called the Asian palm civet. These coffee cherries are then partially digested, and the beans are passed whole in their faeces. These beans are then separated, cleaned, and sold to be roasted.

Which is the most unusual coffee processing in Indonesia?

The most unusual form of coffee processing in Indonesia is ” kopi luwak “. This coffee is processed by the Asian palm civet ( Paradoxurus hermaphroditus ). The animals eat ripe coffee cherries and their digestive process removes the outer layers of the fruit. The remaining coffee beans are collected and washed.

Where are the coffee regions in Indonesia located?

There are several regions in Sumatra that produce specialty grade coffee including Mandheling, Lintong and Aceh, all of which are located in northern Sumatra. Mandheling coffee is produced around Lake Toba, one of the deepest lakes in the world.

How are Arabica coffee cherries processed in Indonesia?

A small number of Arabica farmers in Sulawesi, Flores and Bali, and almost all Robusta farmers across Indonesia, use the most traditional method of all, dry processing. The coffee cherries are dried in the sun, and then de-hulled in a dry state.