How many Irish went to Australia during the famine?

How many Irish went to Australia during the famine?

As a result, between 1849 to 1851, 4,000 Irish Famine orphan girls were brought to Australia from workhouses across Ireland, with 1,700 arriving in Melbourne. They had been among the destitute; orphans consigned to the despair of workhouses, feared places of last resort for the most desperate.

Where did the Irish settle in Australia?

Many Irish settled in the areas of Gundaroo/Queanbeyan, Young, Boorowa, Koorawatha, Goulburn, Yass, Tumut, Cootamundra, & Wagga. In 1823 a Captain Currie and party reached the Maneroo (open treeless grazing country), later called Monaro.

Why did the Irish move to Australia?

The Irish famine of the 1840s caused large numbers of people to migrate due to poverty and difficult living conditions. They worked in Victoria as whalers, fishermen and farm hands and in townships as labourers and factory workers.

How many Irish died on coffin ships?

Many famine ships of the time were known as “coffin ships” and saw many deaths due to their unseaworthy nature, overcrowding, lack of clean drinking water, unsanitary conditions and the rampant spread of disease. It is estimated that up to 100,000 people died on board these ships.

What is the most Irish city in Australia?

Melbourne
Cities with the largest Irish-born populations were Sydney (12,730), Melbourne (8,950) and Perth (7,060).

What is an Irish coffin ship?

A coffin ship (Irish: long cónra) was any of the ships that carried Irish immigrants escaping the Great Irish Famine and Highlanders displaced by the Highland Clearances. It was said that sharks could be seen following the ships, because so many bodies were thrown overboard.

What did people eat on the coffin ships?

The ship was 83 years old, having been built in 1763 for a legal maximum passenger load of 165 but it set sail with 276 who had to share just 36 berths. No food was given to the passengers on the voyage. They had to survive on what little (if anything) they had brought onboard.

Why did the Irish not eat fish in the Famine?

Fishing and the Famine The question is often asked, why didn’t the Irish eat more fish during the Famine? Because people were starving they did not have the energy that would be required to go fishing, haul up nets and drag the boats ashore.

How did the Irish Potato Famine affect Australia?

The Irish Potato Famine / Great Hunger had decimated the population of Ireland, resulting in more than one million deaths and two million emigrants forced to flee starvation and disease. The Earl Grey scheme took girls aged from 14 to 19 from workhouses across Ireland to work in Australia as servants, and to help populate the new colony.

Where did the Irish famine orphans come from?

As a result, between 1849 to 1851, 4,000 Irish Famine orphan girls were brought to Australia from workhouses across Ireland, with 1,700 arriving in Melbourne. They had been among the destitute; orphans consigned to the despair of workhouses, feared places of last resort for the most desperate.

What was the result of the Great Famine of Ireland?

The Great Famine of Ireland resulted in a mass exodus from Ireland. Between 1845 and 1850, more than a million Irish people starved to death while massive quantities of food were being exported from their country. A half million

When did people start to leave Ireland for Australia?

Many Ulster Scots Methodists, Presbyterians and Catholics left the Island of Ireland from the 1600s onwards. The Transportation records for Ireland to Australia started in 1791 to 1853. There were at least six Famines leading to much emigration between 1800 and culmination in the Great famine of 1845.