# What does it mean when variances are not equal?

## What does it mean when variances are not equal?

Unequal variances (heteroscedasticity) can affect the Type I error rate and lead to false positives. If you are comparing two or more sample means, as in the 2-Sample t-test and ANOVA, a significantly different variance could overshadow the differences between means and lead to incorrect conclusions.

**What is a two sample variance?**

Two-sample variance tests allow to check if one variance is significantly different from the second. XLSTAT offers three tests for comparing the variances of the two samples.

**How do you compare two sample variances?**

F Test to Compare Two Variances If the variances are equal, the ratio of the variances will equal 1. For example, if you had two data sets with a sample 1 (variance of 10) and a sample 2 (variance of 10), the ratio would be 10/10 = 1. You always test that the population variances are equal when running an F Test.

### How do you know if variance is significant?

If the p-value is less than your significance level (e.g., 0.05), you can reject the null hypothesis. The difference between the two variances is statistically significant. This condition indicates that your sample provides strong enough evidence to conclude that the variability in the two populations are different.

**What test if variances are not equal?**

F-Test for

An F-test (Snedecor and Cochran, 1983) is used to test if the variances of two populations are equal. This test can be a two-tailed test or a one-tailed test. The two-tailed version tests against the alternative that the variances are not equal.

**Should I use equal or unequal variance?**

In practice, one usually doesn’t know whether or not population variances are equal. So good statistical practice is to use the Welch version of the two-sample t test, unless one has reliable prior evidence that population variances are equal. Note: The F-test for unequal variances has poor power.

## Which of the following distributions is used to compare two variance?

Explanation: F – Distribution is used when we require for comparing two variances. It uses a f-Test to compare two values of variances.

**How do you know if variance is equal or unequal?**

There are two ways to do so:

- Use the Variance Rule of Thumb. As a rule of thumb, if the ratio of the larger variance to the smaller variance is less than 4 then we can assume the variances are approximately equal and use the Student’s t-test.
- Perform an F-test.

**Should I use equal or UNequal variance?**

### How do you test for equal variance?

Levene’s test ( Levene 1960) is used to test if k samples have equal variances. Equal variances across samples is called homogeneity of variance. Some statistical tests, for example the analysis of variance, assume that variances are equal across groups or samples. The Levene test can be used to verify that assumption.

**What is the difference between equal and unequal variance?**

The Two-Sample assuming Equal Variances test is used when you know (either through the question or you have analyzed the variance in the data) that the variances are the same. The Two-Sample assuming UNequal Variances test is used when either: You do not know if the variances are the same or not.

**What does it mean to have equal variance?**

‘variances equal’ simply means that the population variance for one thing is the same as the population variance for some other thing or things.

## Which of the following is called variance ratio distribution?

Definition: The F-Distribution is also called as Variance Ratio Distribution as it usually defines the ratio of the variances of the two normally distributed populations. The F-distribution got its name after the name of R.A. Fisher, who studied this test for the first time in 1924.

**What is the mean and variance for standard normal distribution?**

A standard normal distribution is a normal distribution with zero mean ( ) and unit variance ( ), given by the probability density function and distribution function. (1) (2) over the domain .

**Is variance the same as standard deviation?**

The variance is the average of the squared differences from the mean. Standard deviation is the square root of the variance so that the standard deviation would be about 3.03. Because of this squaring, the variance is no longer in the same unit of measurement as the original data.

### How do you test for homogeneity of variance?

To test for homogeneity of variance, there are several statistical tests that can be used. These tests include: Hartley’s Fmax, Cochran’s, Levene’s and Barlett’s test. Several of these assessments have been found to be too sensitive to non-normality and are not frequently used.

**Do Boxplots show variance?**

Strictly, all you can read off a boxplot about the variability of a distribution are its interquartile range (the length or height of the box) and range (the length or height between the extremes of the display).

**What is the difference between equal variance and UNequal variance?**

## Which of the following distributions is used to compare two variances?

**What are the two types of variance which can occur in your data?**

What are the two types of variances which can occur in your data? ANOVA and ANCOVA/Experimenter and participant/Between and within group/Independent and confounding. There is homogeneity of variance/Random sampling of cases must have taken place/There is only one dependent variable/All of these.