What is Panayiotopoulos syndrome?

What is Panayiotopoulos syndrome?

Panayiotopoulos syndrome is a common idiopathic childhood-specific seizure disorder formally recognized by the International League Against Epilepsy. An expert consensus has defined Panayiotopoulos syndrome as “a benign age-related focal seizure disorder occurring in early and mid-childhood.

How do I know if my child has had a fit?

Common signs of a seizure include: Blank staring. Confused speech. Loss of consciousness.

What are the two major foci of the process of diagnosis in a child with a seizure disorder?

There are two major classes or groups of seizures: focal onset and generalized onset. Focal onset seizures start in one area and can spread across the brain and cause mild or severe symptoms, depending on how the electrical discharges spread.

What is convulsive disorder?

an abnormal, excessive neuronal discharge. within the central nervous system. The clinical manifestations will be as diversified as the functions of the various cells of the nervous sys- tem. By the term convulsive disorder is meant epilepsy.

What is sunflower syndrome?

Sunflower syndrome is a rare photosensitive epilepsy which has received little attention in recent medical literature. The historical cases documenting the epilepsy’s stereotyped handwaving motion in front of light characterized the behavior as self-inducing seizures via mimic of stroboscopic effect.

What are the 3 signs and symptoms of a febrile convulsion?

Symptoms of febrile convulsions

  • loss of consciousness (black out)
  • twitching or jerking of arms and legs.
  • breathing difficulty.
  • foaming at the mouth.
  • going pale or bluish in skin colour.
  • eye rolling, so only the whites of their eyes are visible.
  • your child may take 10 to 15 minutes to wake up properly afterwards.

    What happens if absence seizures go untreated?

    Absence seizures are a type of epilepsy. They aren’t normally harmful, and most children grow out of them by puberty. But, you should talk to your child’s pediatrician because, untreated, they can affect your child’s life and learning.”

    What are the first signs of a seizure?

    General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:

    • Staring.
    • Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
    • Stiffening of the body.
    • Loss of consciousness.
    • Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
    • Loss of bowel or bladder control.
    • Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.

    What are the signs and symptoms of convulsion?

    What are the symptoms of convulsions?

    • lack of awareness, loss of consciousness.
    • eyes rolling back in the head.
    • face that appears red or blue.
    • changes to breathing.
    • stiffening of the arms, legs, or whole body.
    • jerky movements of the arms, legs, body, or head.
    • lack of control over movements.
    • inability to respond.

    What is the best treatment for convulsion?


    • Medication. Treatment for seizures often involves the use of anti-seizure medications.
    • Dietary therapy.
    • Surgery.
    • Electrical stimulation.
    • Pregnancy and seizures.
    • Contraception and anti-seizure medications.
    • Personal safety.
    • Seizure first aid.

    What is Gervais syndrome?

    Dravet syndrome is a rare, drug-resistant epilepsy that begins in the first year of life in an otherwise healthy infant. It is lifelong. It usually presents with a prolonged seizure with fever that affects one side of the body. Most cases are due to severe SCN1A gene mutations.

    What is the deadliest seizure?

    Symptoms, including seizures often accompanied by a high fever, generally begin in the first year of life. Several different types of seizures can be seen in Dravet syndrome, the most dangerous of which are tonic-clonic seizures, sometimes called a generalized seizure or a grand-mal seizure.

    How do you tell if you’ve had an absence seizure?

    Signs and symptoms of absence seizures include:

    1. Sudden stop in motion without falling.
    2. Lip smacking.
    3. Eyelid flutters.
    4. Chewing motions.
    5. Finger rubbing.
    6. Small movements of both hands.

    What are 2 things not to do when a child has a febrile convulsion?

    Do not put your child in a bath, restrain them, or put anything in their mouth. Febrile seizures are not harmful to your child, and will not cause brain damage. If the seizure lasts more than five minutes call an ambulance.

    Is a febrile seizure an emergency?

    Get emergency medical care if your child: has a febrile seizure that lasts longer than 5 minutes. the seizure involves only some parts of the body instead of the whole body. has trouble breathing or turns blue.

    What does a silent seizure look like?

    Absence seizures involve brief, sudden lapses of consciousness. They’re more common in children than in adults. Someone having an absence seizure may look like he or she is staring blankly into space for a few seconds. Then, there is a quick return to a normal level of alertness.

    How do you test for absence seizures?

    An EEG is a test most often used to diagnose absence seizures. This test records the brain’s electrical activity and spots any abnormalities that could indicate an absence seizure. These tests also can help to diagnose absence seizures or rule out other conditions: Blood tests.

    What happens right before a seizure?

    Some warning signs of possible seizures may include: Odd feelings, often indescribable. Unusual smells, tastes, or feelings. Unusual experiences – “out-of-body” sensations; feeling detached; body looks or feels different; situations or people look unexpectedly familiar or strange.