Who can be a witness in a criminal case?

Who can be a witness in a criminal case?

Different kinds of witnesses Prosecution witness – Any witness who has been brought into the court to testify by the prosecution while supporting their claims. Defence witness – Any person who justifies the contentions of the defence by providing such statements that can discharge the accused from any charges filed.

What are four types of witnesses in a criminal case?


  • A lay witness — the most common type — is a person who watched certain events and describes what they saw.
  • An expert witness is a specialist — someone who is educated in a certain area.
  • A character witness is someone who knew the victim, the defendant, or other people involved in the case.

    Who calls the first witness in a criminal case?

    The prosecution
    The prosecution goes first, followed by the defense. Witness testimony – Each side can call witnesses and ask them questions about the case and/or the defendant. First, the prosecution calls their witnesses, who can then be cross examined by the defense.

    Can a dumb person be a witness?

    The testimony of deaf and dumb witnesses can by relied upon by courts as they are competent and signs and gestures are admissible piece of evidence, the Supreme Court today ruled. “A dumb person need not be prevented from being a credible and reliable witness merely due to his/her physical disability.

    Who speaks first prosecution or defense?

    The side bringing the case is the side that bears the burden of proof, and thus always goes first. This is the prosecuting attorney in a criminal case, or the plaintiff in a civil case. The defense then follows with their opening statement.

    How can a witness who Cannot speak give evidence in Court?

    —A witness who is unable to speak may give his evidence in any other manner in which he can make it intelligible, as by writing or by signs; but such writing must be written and the signs made in open Court. Evidence so given shall be deemed to be oral evidence.

    Can a deaf mute be a witness?

    Deaf-mutes are competent witnesses where they (1) can understand and appreciate the sanctity of an oath; (2) can comprehend facts they are going to testify on; and (3) can communicate their ideas through a qualified interpreter. Sasota, have also considered deaf-mutes as qualified witnesses.

    Can blind people be witnesses?

    Blind Persons Cannot Serve as Witnesses to Execution of Wills.