After the U.S. battleship Maine exploded and sank in Havana harbor under mysterious circumstances on Febru, U.S. military intervention in Cuba became likely. That same day, Spain declared war on the United States, and the U.S. Congress voted to go to war against Spain on April 25.
As a result, the United States established an embargo on Cuba in October 1960 and broke diplomatic relations the following January. Tensions between the two governments peaked during the April 1961 “Bay of Pigs” invasion and the October 1962 missile crisis.
United States wanted to overthrow Fidel Castro because Cuba aligned itself with the Soviet Union. U.S. leaders felt threatened by missiles in Cuba because Soviets began building nuclear missile in range of East Coast cities. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban missile crisis?
For the next two years, officials at the U.S. State Department and the CIA attempted to remove Castro. Finally, on Ap, the CIA launched what its leaders believed would be the definitive strike: a full-scale invasion of Cuba by 1,400 American-trained Cubans who had fled their homes when Castro took over.
Missile Gap- Khrushchev was worried that the USA had more long range missiles than the USSR. The USA even had missiles in Europe and Turkey. By putting medium range missiles in Cuba (virtually America’s backyard) it would begin to even the gap between them.
During the crisis, the United States raised its nuclear war footing to the highest level it has ever been (DEFCON 2), one step below “nuclear war is imminent.” U.S. nuclear-armed bombers were placed on airborne alert, and some of the Soviet missiles and bombers in Cuba were not under the direct control of senior …
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev decided to agree to Cuba’s request to place nuclear missiles there to deter future harassment of Cuba. An agreement was reached during a secret meeting between Khrushchev and Fidel Castro in July 1962 and construction of a number of missile launch facilities started later that summer.
In response to the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion of 1961 and the presence of American Jupiter ballistic missiles in Italy and Turkey, Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev agreed to Cuba’s request to place nuclear missiles on the island to deter a future invasion.
Cuba is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico and mid-range communist missiles could reach California from there.
The US began pulling nuclear bombs out of NATO countries after the Cold War ended and since 2000 has removed 40 bombs from Turkey, but 50 are still there.
100 nuclear weapons could destroy life According to a new scientific study, a nuclear attack of 100 bombs could harm the entire planet including the aggressor nation.
If the whole of America was Nuked in all the major locations, and there was no way of knowing who had done it, or somehow America had nuked itself, then America would be completely devastated. All the cities and greenbelts destroyed.
Besides the immediate destruction of cities by nuclear blasts, the potential aftermath of a nuclear war could involve firestorms, a nuclear winter, widespread radiation sickness from fallout, and/or the temporary loss of much modern technology due to electromagnetic pulses.
2:49Suggested clip · 116 secondsHow to Survive a Nuclear Attack if You’re Half a Mile from Epicenter …YouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clip
A nuclear attack on US soil would most likely target one of six cities, according to one expert: New York, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, San Francisco, or Washington, DC. Simulations show how each of the cities would be affected by a 15-kiloton blast — the kind detonated over Hiroshima.
Death is highly likely and radiation poisoning is almost certain if one is caught in the open with no terrain or building masking effects within a radius of 0–3 km from a 1 megaton airburst, and the 50% chance of death from the blast extends out to ~8 km from the same 1 megaton atmospheric explosion.