Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?Preventing Birth Defects.Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes.Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.Creating a Safe Infant Sleep Environment.Using Newborn Screening to Detect Hidden Conditions.
Environmental and social barriers prevent access to basic medical resources and thus contribute to an increasing infant mortality rate; 99% of infant deaths occur in developing countries, and 86% of these deaths are due to infections, premature births, complications during delivery, and perinatal asphyxia and birth …
Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortalityImmediate and exclusive breastfeeding.Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.Access to nutrition and micronutrients.Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.Immunizations.
The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were:Birth defects.Preterm birth and low birth weight.Maternal pregnancy complications.Sudden infant death syndrome.Injuries (e.g., suffocation).
The most common medical cause of neonatal deaths was birth asphyxia (31.5%), followed by low birth weight (LBW)/prematurity (26.5%) and pneumonia and other infections (16.9%). Analysis by gender showed that girls were more predisposed to death due to diarrhoea than boys (table 3).
Infant mortality varies considerably based on maternal age. The rate of infant mortality is highest among mothers under age 20 (9.0 deaths per 1,000 live births) and lowest among mothers aged between 30-34 years old (4.8 deaths per 1,000 live births).
These premature births are the biggest factor in explaining the United States’ high infant mortality rate. Pre-term births can have many different maternal causes, many of which — such as high blood pressure, diabetes, Zika and other infections and age — are not entirely within an expectant mother’s control.
In the US, for example, a substantial and statistically significant effect on IMR was associated with falls in income. Changes in MMR associated with 10% reduction in (real) GDP per capita. Annual numbers of maternal deaths associated with 10% reduction in (real) GDP per capita.
Japan’s infant mortality rate in 1991 was four per 1,000, the lowest in the world. Contributing factors are the universal use of the Boshi Kenko Techo (maternal-child health handbook) and universal access to care. Most births occur to women aged 25–29 years and there are few unmarried mothers.
The countries with the highest rates of infant mortality include Afghanistan, Mali and Somalia. These countries experience around 100 infant deaths per 1,000 infants in their first year of life.
Central African Republic
In 2019, the infant mortality rate in Singapore was approximately 1.7 deaths per 1,000 live births. The low infant mortality rate can be attributed to a good health-care system that is accessible to the majority of the population.
In 2019, the infant mortality rate in India was at about 28.3 deaths per 1,000 live births, a significant decrease from previous years. The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births.
about 6.8 deaths per 1,000 live births
In 2019, the infant mortality rate in Hong Kong was 1.3 per every one thousand live births.
Child mortality levels: Probability of dying per 1000 live births – Access details. Under-five mortality rate (probability of dying by age live births) Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age live births)
The countries with the lowest literacy rate, defined as the ability to read and write at a specified age….Lowest Literacy RatesSouth Sudan. 27.0%Afghanistan. 28.1.Niger. 28.7.Burkina Faso. 28.7.Mali. 33.4.Chad. 35.4.Somalia. 37.8.Ethiopia. 39.0.
The education system in Hong Kong is publicly funded. All 12 years of education, from primary to senior secondary school (ages 6 through 18), is free for students attending public schools.