What are the psychotic effects of using synthetic cannabinoids?

What are the psychotic effects of using synthetic cannabinoids?

Psychiatric: Effects include altered mental status, anxiety, panic, and psychoses. Symptoms have been reported to persist for over one month following ingestion, with psychiatric hospitalizations reported due to suicidality, affective symptoms, self-injury, catatonic features, and/or Capgras syndrome.

How is synthetic cannabinoids metabolized in the body?

In general, novel SCs are extensively metabolized primarily by human liver enzymes. Metabolites are mainly excreted in human urine, with parent SCs rarely detected in urine. Parent SC are detected in human blood and/or oral fluid if the sample is collected as close as possible to the time of intake.

What cannabinoids are illegal?

All natural and synthetic cannabinoids are prohibited except for cannabidiol (CBD). Cannabis, hashish and marijuana are prohibited. Products, including foods and drinks, containing cannabinoids, are also prohibited. All synthetic cannabinoids that mimic the effects of THC are prohibited.

Where are cannabinoids found?

Cannabis sativa plant
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed cannabinoids. The most well known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis.

Do humans have cannabinoid receptors?

The endogenous cannabinoid system—named for the plant that led to its discovery—is one of the most important physiologic systems involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells.

What are the side effects of cannabinoids?

Smoking cannabis can also cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, nausea, and paranoid thinking. Smoking cannabis might also increase appetite, increase heart rate, change blood pressure, and impair mental functioning.

Is delta-8 a research chemical?

There’s not much research on delta-8, especially in people, though a small 1995 study said it showed promise as an anti-nausea treatment in child cancer patients. Proposed legislation in California would require testing and taxation of consumable “noncannabis cannabinoids,” including delta-8.

How do humans have cannabinoid receptors?

Cannabinoid receptors are activated by cannabinoids, generated naturally inside the body (endocannabinoids) or introduced into the body as cannabis or a related synthetic compound. Similar responses are produced when introduced in alternative methods, only in a more concentrated form than what is naturally occurring.