What information is personal data?
Personal data is information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual. What identifies an individual could be as simple as a name or a number or could include other identifiers such as an IP address or a cookie identifier, or other factors.
What are the 3 types of personal data?
Types of personal data
- Details of racial or ethnic origin.
- Political, religious or philosophical beliefs.
- Trade union affiliation.
- The processing of genetic data and/or biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person.
- Health details.
- Information about a person’s sex life or sexual orientation.
In which situation can a data controller always process personal data?
Section 1(4) of the DPA says that: Where personal data are processed only for purposes for which they are required by or under any enactment to be processed, the person on whom the obligation to process the data is imposed by or under that enactment is for the purposes of this Act the data controller.
What does personal data include under the GDPR?
Personal data are any information which are related to an identified or identifiable natural person. For example, the telephone, credit card or personnel number of a person, account data, number plate, appearance, customer number or address are all personal data.
What is personal data examples?
Examples of personal data
- a name and surname;
- a home address;
- an email address such as [email protected];
- an identification card number;
- location data (for example the location data function on a mobile phone)*;
- an Internet Protocol (IP) address;
- a cookie ID*;
- the advertising identifier of your phone;
What are the four types of personal information?
The following are common types of personal information.
- Name. A person’s name.
- Identification. Government issued id numbers such as a passport number or vehicle license plate.
- Address. Physical address and digital addresses such as an IP address.
- Biological Identifiers.
How can you tell if someone is natural?
Article 4(1) GDPR states that a natural person is identifiable when it is possible to identify him or her, directly or indirectly, by reference to certain identifiers, such as a name, an identification number or location data, or one or more factors that are specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental.
Who is responsible for personal data?
Controllers make decisions about processing activities. They exercise overall control of the personal data being processed and are ultimately in charge of and responsible for the processing. Some controllers may be under a statutory obligation to process personal data.
Which of the following is an example of sensitive data?
The following personal data is considered ‘sensitive’ and is subject to specific processing conditions: personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs; trade-union membership; data concerning a person’s sex life or sexual orientation.
What are examples of sensitive data?
Sensitive data is any data that reveals:
- Racial or ethnic origin.
- Political opinions.
- Religious or philosophical beliefs.
- Trade union membership.
- Genetic data.
- Biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person.
- Data concerning health or a natural person’s sex life and/or sexual orientation.
Is age considered personal information?
Data elements that may not identify an individual directly (e.g., age, height, birth date) may nonetheless constitute PII if those data elements can be combined, with or without additional data, to identify an individual.
Is name and address sensitive data?
Personal data is also classed as anything that can affirm your physical presence somewhere. Under certain circumstances, any of the following can be considered personal data: A name and surname. A home address.
What is personal information example?
Examples of personal information are: a person’s name, address, phone number or email address. a video recording of a person, whether CCTV or otherwise, for example, a recording of events in a classroom, at a train station, or at a family barbecue. a person’s salary, bank account or financial details.
Which is not personal information?
Non (Personally Identifiable Information) PII Data Non-PII data, is simply data that is anonymous. This data can not be used to distinguish or trace an individual’s identity such as their name, social security number, date and place of birth, bio-metric records etc.
What are some examples of confidential data?
Examples of confidential data include:
- Social Security Numbers.
- Credit Card Numbers.
- Health Records.
- Financial Records.
- Student Records.
What does GDPR say about confidentiality?
Integrity and confidentiality. processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures”.
What are the basic rules of GDPR?
GDPR’s seven principles are: lawfulness, fairness and transparency; purpose limitation; data minimisation; accuracy; storage limitation; integrity and confidentiality (security); and accountability. In reality, only one of these principles – accountability – is new to data protection rules.