Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience espouses the need to prioritize one’s conscience over the dictates of laws. He presents his own experiences as a model for how to relate to an unjust government: In protest of slavery, Thoreau refused to pay taxes and spent a night in jail.
Additionally, the tone of Thoreau’s work is persuasive, purposeful, and indignant. Thoreau argues that matters of justice should be decided by individual conscience rather than by majority consensus.
The Civil Disobedience Movement aimed at complete refusal of cooperation to the British and hinder the functioning of the government. It also aimed at refusal to paying taxes, boycotting government institutions and foreign goods.
Civil resistance and civil disobedience are both forms of popular protest meant to demonstrate the people’s opposition to a government’s policies, actions, or the government itself. Civil disobedience, on the other hand, is an act of intentionally breaking a law or refusing to cooperate with the government.
Yes because… Civil disobedience was practised to great effect by people such as Ghandi and Martin Luther King. In fact Martin Luther King said that not only was it okay to break unjust laws but that we have a moral responsibility to do so. As St Augustine said, ‘An unjust law is no law at all.
Civil disobedience is generally regarded as more morally defensible than both ordinary offences and other forms of protest such as militant action or coercive violence.
Civil Disobedience is effective because it creates a lose-lose situation for whatever Power the Disobedience is directed towards. If the Disobedience is ignored, then the Power is admitting defeat and allowing for further disobedience.
Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government. By some definitions, civil disobedience has to be nonviolent to be called “civil”. Hence, civil disobedience is sometimes equated with peaceful protests or nonviolent resistance.