Gender inequality is the social process by which men and women are not treated as equals. The treatment may arise from distinctions regarding biology, psychology, or cultural norms. Some of these distinctions are empirically-grounded while others appear to be socially constructed.
At a time when human societies were abandoning their wanderlust in favour of agricultural settlements, the first inklings of gender inequality were taking root. That’s according to a study published in the European Journal of Archaeology, which analysed 5000-to-8000-year-old graves on the Iberian Peninsula.
In real terms, gender inequality is a major problem on local, national and global levels. Not only does it affect the lives of individual men and women, but the inequality between genders also stunts economic growth and hinders development.
Gender inequality affects everyone, including men. Stereotypes or ‘rules’ about how women and men, girls and boys should be begin in childhood and follow us through to adulthood. Not everyone experiences inequality the same way.
There can be little doubt that gender inequality does still persist in the United States, as some striking facts make clear: Women still make only about 80% of what men earn for full time work. Women are less likely to hold managerial or supervisory positions, and when they do, their positions carry less authority.
10 ways to promote gender equality in daily lifeSHARE HOUSEHOLD CHORES AND CHILDCARE EQUALLY. WATCH FOR SIGNS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE. SUPPORT MOTHERS AND PARENTS. REJECT CHAUVINIST AND RACIST ATTITUDES. HELP WOMEN GAIN POWER. LISTEN AND REFLECT. HIRE DIVERSITY. PAY (AND DEMAND) THE SAME SALARY FOR EQUAL WORK.
Effects of income inequality, researchers have found, include higher rates of health and social problems, and lower rates of social goods, a lower population-wide satisfaction and happiness and even a lower level of economic growth when human capital is neglected for high-end consumption.
Higher inequality might also lead to more crime through lower levels of protection from crime if inequality suppresses collective action or concern for public safety at the aggregate level. The theoretical literature on crime does not generally address the relationship between aggregate income levels and crime.
the condition of being unequal; lack of equality; disparity: inequality of size. social or economic disparity: inequality between the rich and the poor; widening income inequality in America.