What is the composition and function of high court?
High Courts have the power of judicial review. They have the power to declare any law or ordinance unconstitutional if it is found to be against the Indian Constitution. A High Court alone can certify the cases fit for appeal before the Supreme Court.
What is the composition of Supreme Court and High Court?
The Indian Constitution under Article 124(1) states that there shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief justice of India (CJI) and 34 judges, including the CJI.
What is the composition of a Supreme Court?
At present, the Supreme Court consists of thirty-one judges (one chief justice and thirty other judges). Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Bill of 2019 has added four judges to strength. It increased the judicial strength from 31 to 34, including the CJI.
What Does High Court consist of?
High courts may also enjoy original jurisdiction in certain matters, if so designated Specially in a state or federal law. Basically, the work of most high courts primarily consists of appeals from lower courts and writ petitions in terms of Articles 226 and 227 of the constitution.
What is the function of the High Court?
The functions of the High Court are to interpret and apply the law of Australia; to decide cases of special federal significance including challenges to the constitutional validity of laws and to hear appeals, by special leave, from Federal, State and Territory courts.
What are the three powers of High Court?
(1) Notwithstanding anything in article 32, every High Court shall have power, throughout the territories in relation to which it exercised jurisdiction, to issue to any person or authority, including in appropriate cases, any Government, within those territories directions, orders or writs, including 3[writs in the …
What is the full form of PIL *?
A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a petition that can be filed by any member of the public for any matter of public interest, for redress of public wrong or injury.
How is the composition of the High Court determined?
Composition: Each High Court consists of a Chief Justice and such other judges as the President may. From time to time, appoint. Unlike the Supreme Court there is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts.
What is the composition of the High Court in India?
Every High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other Judges as the President of India may, from time to time, appoint.  The composition of the High Court also includes the appointment of additional judges for temporary periods, not exceeding 2 years, for clearance of work in the High Court.
What are the powers of a High Court?
All High Courts are to be Courts of Record and should have all such powers that a Court of Record must have along with the power to punish for its own contempt.  In 1861, the British Parliament passed the Indian High Courts Act, 1861. This established High Courts in Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras.
Who is the Chief Justice of the High Court?
The Chief Justice of a High Court for any State may at any time, with the previous consent of the President, request any person who has held the office of a Judge of that Court or any other High Court to sit and act as a Judge of the High Court for that State.