In conclusion The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is shown. Ralph represents civilisation as he wants to enforce rules and let everyone have an equal say.
Though the novel is fictional, its exploration of the idea of human evil is at least partly based on Golding’s experience with the real-life violence and brutality of World War II. Free from the rules and structures of civilization and society, the boys on the island in Lord of the Flies descend into savagery.
Ralph spies on Castle Rock from a hiding place in the forest. He thinks the boys have become savages and knows Jack will try to kill him. Jack must destroy Ralph for savagery to prevail over civilization. In the jungle, Ralph comes upon the skull of a pig hung on a spear staked into the ground.
At the end of the novel, Ralph begins to cry uncontrollably: “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy.” (Golding, 202). He is crying because he’s realized the true savagery that he’s been enduring for his duration on the island.
Ralph cries for the loss of Innocence, darkness in man’s heart, and the loss of a true wise friend, Piggy.
If Ralph is more distraught by Piggy’s death than by Simon’s, it is because Piggy was his first real friend on the island. Perhaps more importantly, it is alluded to that Simon’s death was an accident while Piggy’s death clearly was not. They boys mistake Simon for the beast and kill him.
As Piggy tries to speak, hoping to remind the group of the importance of rules and rescue, Roger shoves a massive rock down the mountainside. But the boulder strikes Piggy, shatters the conch shell he is holding, and knocks him off the mountainside to his death on the rocks below.
What is most interesting about Piggy is that we never find out his real name. This makes Ralph ‘faintly interested’ and he asks Piggy for the nickname without requesting his actual name. Piggy, in his desire for friendship, makes his first mistake on the island by revealing the name given to him from former tormenters.
Ralph is wrapped up in his own selfish superiority. Poor Piggy never has any other name, because when Ralph introduces him to the other boys, this is the name he uses. Jack is even crueler than Ralph, calling Piggy “Fatty” and telling him to shut up. “He’s not Fatty,” cried Ralph, “his real name’s Piggy!”
The characters in Lord of the Flies possess recognizable symbolic significance, which make them as the sort of people around us. Ralph stands for civilization and democracy; Piggy represents intellect and rationalism; Jack signifies savagery and dictatorship; Simon is the incarnation of goodness and saintliness.
Piggy isn’t considered as chief because everyone sees him as incapable of handling the situation all the boys are currently in, due to his asthma, physical appearance, specs (myopia), etc.