What major events happened in the 1900s in Australia?

What major events happened in the 1900s in Australia?

Glenelg is wrecked off the Victorian coast, resulting in 31 deaths. 9 May – The Sierra Nevada is wrecked off Portsea, Victoria; 23 lives are lost. 2 July – Snow falls to extremely low levels in New South Wales, being recorded as low as Forbes. 5 July – The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (UK) is passed.

What was the first significant piece of legislation passed by the Commonwealth Parliament in 1901?

The first Parliament set about establishing an independent public service and the High Court. It introduced universal suffrage and first-past-the-post voting in Senate and House of Representatives elections; although enrolment was not made compulsory until 1911.

How did events after 1945 affect Australia?

The history of Australia since 1945 has seen long periods of economic prosperity and the introduction of an expanded and multi-ethnic immigration program, which has coincided with moves away from Britain in political, social and cultural terms and towards increasing engagement with the United States and Asia.

What happened 1901 Australia?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901, when the British Parliament passed legislation enabling the six Australian colonies to collectively govern in their own right as the Commonwealth of Australia. It was a remarkable political accomplishment that had taken many years and several referenda to achieve.

What happened in the 90s in Australia?

The terms of two prime ministers dominated the 1990s. Paul Keating of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) was elected as prime minster from 1991 until 1996. The 1990s saw the introduction of the internet and the mobile phone, which began to change the face of telecommunications and entertainment.

What was life like in early 1900s?

In 1900, the average family had an annual income of $3,000 (in today’s dollars). The family had no indoor plumbing, no phone, and no car. About half of all American children lived in poverty. Most teens did not attend school; instead, they labored in factories or fields.

What happened on January 1st 1901?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as federation.

What happened to the Australian economy in 1945?

1939–1945. World War II had a profound impact on the Australian economy and permanently changed how the economy was run. To that end, a range of economic and industrial controls were adopted: rationing, production controls, military and industrial conscription.

What happened to the Australian economy in 1945 following the end of the war?

A final consequence of the war was a massive expansion in public debt, which reached reached 100% of annual gross domestic product. Despite expressions of concern, it was managed without any serious problems thanks to steady growth in both real and nominal GDP.

Who was in power in 1991 Australia?

The Keating Government was the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Paul Keating of the Australian Labor Party from 1991 to 1996. The Government followed on from the Hawke Government after Paul Keating replaced Bob Hawke as Labor leader in an internal party leadership challenge in 1991.

What caused the 1990 recession in Australia?

By July 1990, Australia had entered severe recession. The recession happened because of the unwinding of the excesses of the 1980s, the international recession of the early 1990s and the high interest rates”. High interest rates were employed to slow the asset price boom of 1988–89.

Who was famous in the early 1900s?


  • Enrico Caruso.
  • Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright.
  • Louis Blériot.
  • Marie Curie.
  • Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Florence Lawrence.
  • Francis X. Bushman.
  • William S. Hart.

What was happening in the 1900s?

From left, clockwise: The Wright brothers achieve the first manned flight with a motorized airplane, in Kitty Hawk in 1903; U.S. President William McKinley is assassinated in 1901 by Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition; An earthquake on the San Andreas Fault destroys much of San Francisco, killing at least …

Who found Australia first?

navigator Willem Janszoon
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was in 1606 by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, what is now called Torres Strait and associated islands.

When was Australia named?

It was the English explorer Matthew Flinders who made the suggestion of the name we use today. He was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.

Will the Australian economy collapse?

Australia’s economy will limp along after recovering from the pandemic, failing to regain the growth it had either in the years leading up to the crisis or the much higher growth in the decades before. It expects a flat share market, and slower growth in house prices.

What was happening in the 1980s in Australia?

18 October – 1980 Australian federal election: Malcolm Fraser’s Liberal/National Country Coalition Government is re-elected with a substantially reduced majority, defeating the Labor Party led by Bill Hayden. The Government also loses control of the Senate, with the Australian Democrats winning the balance of power.

What was Australia called before 1901?

Before 1900, there was no actual country called Australia, only the six colonies – New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, and Western Australia. While these colonies were on the same continent, they were governed like six rival countries and there was little communication between them.

What was the history of Australia from 1901 to 1945?

The history of Australia from 1901 to 1945 begins with the federation of the six colonies to create the Commonwealth of Australia.

When did the White Australia policy come into law?

White Australia policy. 1901: White Australia policy enshrined in law. Brass ‘White Australia’ protection badge, 1906. On 23 December 1901, the Immigration Restriction Act came into law. It had been among the first pieces of legislation introduced to the newly formed federal parliament.

When did Australia pass the Immigration Restriction Bill?

When Australia federated in 1901, parliamentarians felt it necessary to create a national law for immigration. The Immigration Restriction Bill was one of the first Bills introduced to the new parliament and proposed a twofold approach to restricting non-white population growth.

What did immigrants have to do to enter Australia in 1901?

Pass or fail: the dictation test Under the Immgration Act, migrants who entered Australia between 1901 and 1958 could be asked to take a dictation test. To pass the test, they needed to write 50 words in any European language, as dictated by an immigration officer. After 1905, the officer could choose any language at all.